Klett-Cotta-Verlag Psychology
Wissenschaft

Klassifikation und Diagnostik von Misshandlungen und Vernachlässigungen im Kindes- und Jugendalter


Februar 2019, 13. Jahrgang, Heft 1, pp 28-38

DOI 10.21706/tg-13-1-28



Zusammenfassung
Trotz der großen individuellen und gesellschaftlichen Relevanz von Misshandlungen und Vernachlässigungen im Kindes- und Jugendalter gibt es noch immer große Defizite hinsichtlich einer einheitlichen Beschreibung und standardisierten Diagnostik dieser Phänomene. Auf Grundlage einer insbesondere im angloamerikanischen Raum verorteten langjährigen Forschungstradition präsentiert der vorliegende Artikel Kriterien zur Beschreibung der in der aktuellen Version der Internationalen statistischen Klassifikation der Krankheiten und verwandter Gesundheitsprobleme (ICD-10-GM) enthaltenen Formen von Kindesmisshandlungen und Vernachlässigungen als Grundlage für die Weiterentwicklung dieses Klassifikationssystems. Des Weiteren wird ein Überblick über international anerkannte diagnostische Instrumente zur differenzierten Erfassung von Misshandlungen und Vernachlässigungen gegeben. Die Anwendung einer vereinheitlichten Definition der unterschiedlichen Misshandlungsformen und der Einsatz geeigneter diagnostischer Verfahren würden zu einer verbesserten Datenlage beitragen und die Ableitung und Evaluation passgenauer Interventionsansätze unterstützen.

Abstract
Classification and assessment of abuse and neglect in childhood and adolescence
Despite the great individual and social relevance of abuse and neglect in childhood and adolescence, there are still major deficits with regard to a uniform description and standardized dia­gnosis of these phenomena. Based on a long research tradition, particularly in the Anglo-­American region, this article reports about criteria for describing different subtypes of child abuse and neglect as conceptualized in the current version of the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health ­Problems (ICD-10-GM) as the basis for further development of this classification system. Furthermore, an overview of internationally established diagnostic instruments for the differentiated assessment of abuse and neglect is given. The application of a unified definition of the different forms of maltreatment and the use of suitable ­diagnostic procedures would contribute to an improved data basis and support the derivation and evaluation of intervention approaches.

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